In the early evening, Mr. Cactus and I went for a hike along the Temple Quarry Trail here in St. George.
This trail is located up by the small airport, along Black Ridge.
In 1871 the Mormon Pioneers began construction of the St.George Temple. The site selected by Brigham Young was swamp land. Their challenge was to build a sturdy foundation for a large temple on this wet land.
A river still runs underneath the temple.
The solution came in using volcanic rock that was able to remain stable in alkali soil.
The workmen first gathered small rocks that could be crushed. They drained the swamp, and dug a 20 foot hole for the foundation. Crushed rock was pounded into the ground as the bottom layer.
Next larger pieces of stone were quarried. These slabs were the size of a coffin: 4 feet wide, a foot thick and 7-12 feet long. Because of the size, they were too heavy to load into a wagon. They were chained underneath, and rode just inches from the ground.
For three years from 1871-1874 the Quarry Trail was in use.
We love to hike the many trials of Southern Utah and enjoy discovering areas we haven't seen before. Hiking this trail tonight helped us understand the history of St. George a little more.
Lichen grows in the crevices.
A view of Green Valley to the West.
Black Ridge Mountain.
The St. George Temple is the first operating Temple of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. It was started in 1871 and completed in 1877. The foundation has withstood the test of time.